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How To Become a Software Testing Engineer

Published By Team Setmycareer on Sep 20, 2023

Discover How To Become a Software Testing Engineer

Software Testing Engineer

Software Testing Engineers are often called 'QA engineers' because they provide quality assurance for computer applications or system software. Test engineers use preexisting testing tools or design new tools to ensure that programs work before they are used by internal or external clients. Test engineers are generally involved in all stages of the development of a program.

During the design phase of a project, they may bring knowledge gained by testing previous programs to help new releases be compatible with older versions. This allows for a smooth transition from the program's testing to use phases. During the development phase, they may test parts of programs, seeking to provide solutions for any problems raised as the project is coded. Software Testing Engineers check programs for their functionality.

"A Testing Engineer's job includes designing, building and implementing effective testing strategies"

Testing engineers utilize three types of testing strategies which are known as black box, white box and gray box testing. The responsibilities of Software Testing Engineers includes to analyzing the requirements from the client, participating in preparing Test Plans, preparing test scenarios, preparing test cases for module, integration and system testing.


They also preparing test data’s for the test cases and preparing test environment to execute the test cases. Analyzing the test cases prepared by other team members, executing the test cases and defect tracking. They also provide giving mandatory information of a defect to developers in order to fix it, preparing summary reports. It also involves preparing suggestion documents to improve the quality of the application and communication with the Test Lead / Test Manager then, conducting review meetings within the team.

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Embarking on this path requires careful consideration and planning. It's essential to align your skills, interests, and aspirations with the demands of the field. This is where career counselling can be invaluable. Career Counselling can provide you with the guidance and insights needed to make informed decisions about your educational path, specialization, and job prospects within the field of QA Testing.

Eligibility Criteria

  • Must possess at least 50% aggregate from a recognized institution in 12th, from any board PUC/CBSE/ICSE/ISC, etc. However, the cut-off margin varies with the selection process of different colleges.
  • Should procure a valid score in entrance exams such as JEE-Main, KIITEE, SRMJEE, CEE, HITSEE, CET, etc., Different colleges offer their own entrance exams if you don’t have a satisfactory score in JEE or other competitive exams – colleges like NMIMS, Symbiosis International University, XUB, Andhra University, LPU, etc. Every state offers their own entrance exam as well.
  • One must earn a degree in B.Sc/B.Tech or a Diploma to become a Software Testing Engineer. This is a basic qualification you must require to enroll in this line of work.
  • An M.Tech in Software Engineering can also prove to be helpful while looking for a higher degree and better learning.

Tasks to perform

  • Conduct preliminary troubleshooting methods by studying configurations records, reports, or software fragments to establish the cause of the problem.
  • Suggest the procurement of technology to regulate pollution, temperatures, or dampness in the location where the technology will be installed.
  • Change old programs to fix bugs, enabling it to accommodate upgraded technology, or increase efficiency.
  • Work with outdoor personnel or consumers to analyze or diagnose difficulties and propose potential remedies.
  • Providing comments and suggestions to engineers on the readability and functioning of their programme.

Knowledge required

  • Computer Application — Understanding the prospects and functioning of circuit boards, processing units, circuits, electrical devices, computer equipment, plus applications and programming.
  • English Grammar — Familiarity in English Grammar, the form, and substance of the English language, along with the context and pronunciation of words, principles of grammar, and language.
  • Development and Manufacturing – Utilizing natural resources, process innovations, quality management, prices, and other strategies for optimizing the productive produce and delivery of products.
  • Administration and Conduct — Knowledge of the market and management concepts used in strategic planning, capital distribution, human resource modeling, technical leadership, manufacturing processes, personnel and asset implementation.
  • Secretarial — Experience in technical and administrative tools and methodologies such as note-taking, document and record handling, stenography and annotations, the layout of forms as well as other workplace practices and etymology.

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Skills required

  • Surveillance — Entails keeping track of and evaluating your own, other people's, or organizations' results in order to make changes or take disciplinary measures.
  • Strategic Thinking — Evaluating the possible expenses and advantages of various decisions in order to recognise the best one.
  • Time Management – Interacting and switching between different tasks and activities without consuming excess time to provide results.
  • Effective Involvement — Necessitates paying complete focus to what others are suggesting, using the time to consider the arguments being made, responding to questions as needed, and not disrupting at inconvenient moments.
  • Processes Assessment — Entails identifying metrics or indices of service quality as well as the steps required to enhance or change effectiveness in relation to the system's objectives.

Job roles offered

Once you procure the required qualifications for becoming a Software Testing Engineer, a myriad of options are open to you. There are multiple projects you can undertake throughout this line of work, and there are many other fields you can branch out to as well.

  • Software Quality Assurance Engineer: A software quality assurance engineer is somebody who oversees each stage of the software development procedure to guarantee concept excellence and ensure the program meets the production firm's requirements. Whenever new goods are published to the market, software quality assurance professionals ensure that they operate. Software quality assurance engineers are responsible for duties such as software development, source code security, unit evaluation, performance tuning, process improvement, program assessment, system integration, and the release organization structure. He or she will usually divide the procedure among objectives like confirmations, actions, measures, skills, and promises. They can not only keep the work from getting overpowering, but they can also preserve total command of your operation. Software quality assurance engineers should additionally be competent to ensure that now the finished output just merely adheres to corporate and regulatory criteria, but also enters the commercial markets on schedule.

  • Software Developer: As a part of the software development team, a Software Developer is responsible for the creation of technology. They contribute to the development and innovation of corporate technology and systems. A Software Developer works with a team of programmers to build programs that satisfy the needs of the organization or customer. They are most commonly employed in tech-heavy sectors and major organizations. They aim to make computer development and execution more efficient. A Software Developer is a valuable tool when it comes to providing smooth technology experiences for clients, from intricate computer code to inventive structure. Software developers supervise the development of code, which accounts for a large part of the actual construction of software applications. A software developer will examine the demands of the customer, subsequently, build, evaluate, and create applications that would resolve problems, give amusement, or just make living simpler to its target population, dependent on the organization wherever they work. Developers will create illustrations and representations to educate programmers on how to construct the code for the software after charting out the concept, generating schematics, and writing out each stage of the process.

  • Automation Engineer: Automation engineers are in charge of designing and fabricating a variety of automated machinery. To execute precise tasks, the design, program, develop and evaluate mechanical equipment and procedures. They're usually seen in sectors where robotics or equipment are used to execute certain tasks, such as vehicle manufacture or agricultural preparation. Automation engineers utilize CAD technology to create blueprints for automated constituents and study manufacturing procedures to determine the optimum usage of technology. They deal with supply chain concerns and execute routine inspections on automation equipment, as well as replacements and fault detection when needed. Automation engineers create performance verification and machine operating criteria, as well as recalibrate and replace technology every month.

  • Network Engineer: Network engineers are confident communicators and are excellent at providing insight into many intricate details. They are primarily responsible for configuring, providing maintenance, bestowing support, and helping create different lines of communications inside the organization or a link between two organizations. Their goals consist of providing infallible network structure and utmost efficiency to the users.

  • Systems Administrator: Systems Administrator are in charge of maintaining, configuring, and ensuring the safe and dependable functioning of computer systems and servers. They install hardware and software, as well as assist in research and development, to ensure that their organization's business demands are met. To minimize work disruptions inside the organization, system administrators also aggressively handle faults and difficulties with computer and server systems. Installing, developing, and securing your employer's computer systems are all part of a system administration job. Working on local area networks, network segments, Internet systems, and wide area networks are all examples of this. When a problem with the systems emerges, it is your responsibility to investigate the situation and ensure that it is resolved. You'll undertake basic maintenance and network monitoring regularly to verify that everything is working well. You'll also collect statistical data and determine how your firm intends to use the computer systems.

Career opportunities

Software Testing Engineers can opt for various fields of work in the companies listed below:

  • Mastercard
  • Hitachi Energy
  • Optum
  • Shell
  • Dell Technologies
  • Blue Yonder
  • Volvo Group
  • NatWest Group
  • IBM
  • ServiceNow

Colleges offering courses

  • Jagran Lakecity University, Bhopal
  • Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Vivekananda Global University
  • Delhi University, Delhi
  • JNU - Jawaharlal Nehru University, Mehrauli
  • NIT Trichy - National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli
  • Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore
  • School of Engineering and Technology (SET), Sharda University
  • SAGE University, Bhopal
  • Jaipur Engineering College (JEC Kukas), Jaipur
  • Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Technological University Lonere (DBATU), Raigad


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