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How To Become a Neurologist

Published By Team Setmycareer on Sep 17, 2023

DiscoverHow To Become a Neurologist

Neurologists are either primary care professionals or advisors to several other physicians. A neurologist is frequently the primary healthcare practitioner when a person has a neurological condition that facilitates constant attention. A neurologist is a specialist who treats people with diseases including Encephalitis, Hydrocephalus, epilepsy conditions, and Meningitis.

A neurologist who works as a consultant will identify and treat a neurological condition before advising the general practitioner who is in charge of the patient's physical health. While neurologists may prescribe an operation, they do not administer it. Neurologists can oversee and superintend patients' ongoing care if their treatment requires operation.

Neurosurgeons are physicians who specialise in brain and neurological structure surgery.


Eligibility Criteria

  • Must possess at least 50% aggregate from a recognized institution in 12th, from any board PUC/CBSE/ICSE/ISC, etc., with biology as a subject. However, the cut-off margin varies with the selection process of different colleges.
  • Should procure a valid score in entrance exams such as AIAPGET, NEET, NEET PG, NEET MDS, DNB PDCET, etc. Different colleges offer their own entrance exams if you don’t have a satisfactory score in NEET or other competitive exams – colleges like NMIMS, Symbiosis International University, XUB, Andhra University, LPU, etc. Every state offers their own entrance exam as well.
  • One must earn a degree in B.Sc/B.Tech or a Diploma to become a Biomedical Engineer. This is a basic qualification you must require to enroll in this line of work.
  • An M.Tech in Biomedical Engineering can also prove to be helpful while looking for a higher degree and better learning.

Tasks to perform

  • Patients and their caregivers should be informed of neurological illnesses and outcomes, as well as the advantages, drawbacks, and expenses of different treatment options.
  • Consult with patients or others on the causes of neurological diseases, such as risk variables, developmental or ecological conditions.
  • Establish care schedules based on diagnoses and assessments of variables like age and overall well being, as well as clinical complications and expenditures.
  • Medical technicians must be supervised when performing neurological diagnosis or surgical procedures.
  • Diagnose or perform treatments like anti-epileptic medicines, and keep track of patients' emotional and mental side effects.

Knowledge required

  • Rehabilitation –Understanding of the concepts, techniques, and processes used in the diagnosis, recovery, and healing of physiological and psychological disorders as well as in career counselling and instruction.
  • Medication and Orthodontics — The ability to detect and cure human injury, illnesses, and malformations using evidence and procedures. Symptoms, medication options, medication products and reactions, and protective health initiatives are also included.
  • Chemical Dexterity — Able to understand the chemical structure and composition of substances available in the environment. Includes the understanding of changes, interactions between different substances, methods of production, and safe disposal of toxic substances.
  • Apprehension of Physics — Predictive analytics of basic phenomena, laws, their interactions, and fluid, substance, and air mechanics interpretation techniques, and mechanical, electric, atomic, and subatomic structures and processes understanding.
  • Arithmetic Prowess — Being able to evaluate and interpret various mathematical equations and use them to address complex problems in arithmetic, geometry, calculus, and other areas.

Skills required

  • Method of Learning – Practises and processes for selecting and implementing strength and conditioning approaches and techniques that are suitable for the case when learning or introducing new items.
  • Influence — Inspiring and persuading people to change their behavior and support a certain product, brand, or organization to increase sales.
  • Surveillance — Keeping track of and reviewing your own, other people's, or organizations' results to make changes or take disciplinary measures.
  • Effective Involvement —Necessitates paying complete focus to what others are suggesting, using the time to consider the arguments being made, responding to questions as needed, and not disrupting at inconvenient moments.
  • Selective Attentiveness — Focusing on key tasks that require utmost priority over some time without being liable to interruptions or distractions.

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Job roles offered

Once you procure the required qualifications for becoming a Neurologist, a myriad of options is open to you. There are multiple projects you can undertake throughout this line of work, and there are many other fields you can branch out to as well.

  • Vascular Neurologist: A vascular neurologist is a doctor who specialises in treating patients who have trouble with their blood vessels. The capillaries in the brain and spinal cord are included in this. Many cerebrovascular disorders and incidents, such as stroke, brain thrombosis, and spinal cord pulmonary embolism, are diagnosed and treated by vascular neurologists. Vascular neurologists are also specialists in avoiding and mitigating the injuries and impairment that can result from cerebrovascular issues. Their primary focus is on preventing repeated strokes, and is dependent in part on accurately identifying the root cause. Atherosclerosis or ‘stiffening' of the arteries, or a heart rhythm disorder like arrhythmia, are the most common causes.
  • Pediatric Neurologists: Pediatric Neurologists, also referred to as child neurologists, work in a field of medicine that focuses on the identification and treatment of neurological disorders in newborns, kids, teenagers, and young adults. Child neurology is the study of illnesses and conditions of the spine, brain, enteric nervous system, somatic nervous system, organs, and blood vessels in children and adolescents. A paediatric neurologist has the specialised experience and expertise to assess, evaluate, and handle children who have medical conditions including the nervous system. Pediatric neurologists treat a wide range of diseases, from comparatively common diseases like epilepsy or cerebral palsy to more complicated and unusual illnesses like cardiovascular disease or cognitive declining illnesses.
  • Chiropractic Neurologist: A chiropractic neurologist is trained to identify and treat a variety of neurological diseases affecting the head, spine, and nerves. The primary distinction between a clinical and a chiropractic neurologist is that a chiropractic neurologist would not recommend medications or operation. Functional neurology is the analysis in the interconnections of a person's central neurological system in the light of their physical wellbeing, and chiropractic neurologists are experts in this field. The Chiropractic neurologist detects abnormalities within associated neuronal networks and processes using embryonic and physiological associations, and also uses those interactions to stimulate improvement within the nervous system. The therapy aims to activate neural plasticity, which entails the modification of neurons, the organisation of the systems, and their role as a result of new behavioural and restorative interactions that improve brain activity.
  • Medical Director: A medical director is in charge of overseeing and optimising the quality of services rendered while also assisting in the reduction of a healthcare facility's operational costs over time. Participants' treatment, health conditions, and the management and supervision of the professional evaluation and productivity enhancement programme are the responsibilities of medical directors. Effective medical directors will also collaborate extensively with the executive leadership team to develop plans that will strengthen patient safety and the medical profession. Medical directors operate in a variety of healthcare environments, including hospitals.
  • Neuropsychologist: A neuropsychologist is a professor of medicine that specialises in the study of the physical brain's interaction with behaviour. This area of psychology is also concerned with how neurological damages or diseases influence cognitive processes and action. Neuropsychologists assist with the diagnosis, recovery, and remediation of functionally disabled patients through incorporating neuropsychological assessments to determine functional deficiencies. People with different forms of nervous system conditions are evaluated and treated by neuropsychologists. They collaborate together with medical professionals, particularly neurologists.

Career opportunities

Neurologists can opt for various fields of work in the companies listed below:

  • Masadir
  • Siemens
  • HealthcareGE Healthcare
  • CareFusion
  • Hamilton Medical
  • Abbott
  • Maquet
  • Zimmer Biomet
  • Skanray Medical
  • Fresenius Medical Care AG & Co. KGAA

Colleges offering courses

  • Christian Medical College, Vellore
  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
  • MS Ramaiah Medical College, Bangalore
  • Hamdard Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, New Delhi
  • Institute of Medical Sciences Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
  • Dr D Y Patil Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, Pune
  • SRM Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, Chennai
  • Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute, Chennai
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Belgaum
  • Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research, Kolkata
  • Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi



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