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How To Become a Journalist - Complete Guide

Published By Team Setmycareer on Sep 18, 2023

Discover How To Become a Journalist and Explore the realm


A journalist is someone who does research, gathers facts, and publishes it as a news report. Publications, journals, media, television, and social media can all be used to convey this information. Journalists are expected to report information in a balanced and impartial way.

Journalists are actively interested in the knowledge collection process. They execute interviews, locate sources, and compile all of the data required to compose a complete news report. Journalists often present material in the form of news reports, interviews, and feature pieces in writing or verbally.They address a wide range of news articles in particular, but others concentrate on specific fields like athletics, governance, or culture.

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Steps to Become a Journalist

  1. Educational Foundation: Begin with a strong educational background. Consider a degree in journalism, communications, or a related field.
  2. Develop Writing Skills: Hone your writing skills by practicing regularly. Start a blog, contribute to your school newspaper, or write articles on topics that interest you.
  3. Stay Informed: Stay updated on current events and global issues. Read newspapers, watch news broadcasts, and follow reputable news sources.
  4. Build a Portfolio: Create a portfolio of your best writing pieces, including news articles, features, and interviews.
  5. Gain Practical Experience: Seek internships or freelance opportunities with local newspapers, magazines, or online publications to gain hands-on experience.
  6. Develop Interviewing Skills: Learn effective interviewing techniques, including research, asking relevant questions, and active listening.
  7. Learn Multimedia Skills: Familiarize yourself with multimedia tools, including photography, video editing, and social media, to enhance your reporting skills.
  8. Networking: Build a network of contacts in the journalism industry. Attend journalism conferences and events to connect with professionals.
  9. Specialize: Consider specializing in a particular area of journalism, such as investigative journalism, political reporting, or science journalism.
  10. Seek Employment: Apply for positions as a staff writer or reporter at newspapers, magazines, online media outlets, or broadcast news stations.
  11. find-your-career

    Eligibility Criteria

    • Must possess at least 50% aggregate from a recognized institution in 12th, from any board PUC/CBSE/ICSE/ISC, etc. However, the cut-off margin varies with the selection process of different colleges.
    • There are no standardized entrance exams for enrolling in Journalism. The availability of these assessments is solely based on the prospects of the University.
    • One must acquire a degree/diploma or certification in a recognized establishment to become a Journalist. This is a basic qualification you must require to enroll in this line of work.
    • An M.A in Journalism can also prove to be helpful while looking for a higher degree and extensive learning.

    Tasks to perform

    • Investigate regional, national, and multinational news stories to decide issues to discuss or ask advertorial supervisors for responsibilities.
    • Analyze and view reporting, social affairs, or private impressions to encourage innovation or content for articles or interpretations.
    • Create digital blog content that concentrates on current affairs or provides supplementary facts, thoughts, or analysis.
    • Evaluate the focus, duration, and structure of a written or live streamed story and organize materials appropriately.
    • Develop and sustain partnerships with the people that can provide you with reliable intelligence.

    Knowledge required

    • Incorporation and Governance – Utilizing concepts of business administration associated with tactical planning, distribution of capital, optimization of human resources, leadership strategies, methods of production, and organization of resources and manpower.
    • Legislation and Administration — Understanding of treaties, legal manuals, judicial proceedings statutes, government legislation, judicial appointments, agency policies, and the constitutional legislative structure.
    • Computer Application — Understanding the prospects and functioning of circuit boards, processing units, circuits, electrical devices, computer equipment, plus applications and programming.
    • English Grammar — Familiarity in English Grammar, the form, and substance of the English language, along with the context and pronunciation of words, principles of grammar, and language.
    • Client and Legitimate Service — Implementation of standards and procedures for the provision of customer and services rendered. This involves identifying customer expectations, meeting product quality requirements, and assessing customer loyalty.

    Skills required

    • Influence — Inspiring and persuading people to change their behavior and support a certain product, brand, or organization to increase sales.
    • Surveillance — Entails keeping track of and evaluating your own, other people's, or organizations' results to make changes or take disciplinary measures.
    • Strategic Thinking — Evaluating the possible expenses and advantages of various decisions to recognize the best one.
    • Time Management — Interacting and switching between different tasks and activities without consuming excess time to provide results.
    • Effective Involvement — Necessitates paying complete focus to what others are suggesting, using the time to consider the arguments being made, responding to questions as needed, and not disrupting at inconvenient moments.

    Is This Career Right For You?

    Are you feeling uncertain about your career path? Not sure which direction to take? Take the first step towards a fulfilling future

    Job roles offered

    Once you procure the required qualifications for becoming a Journalist, a myriad of options are open to you. There are multiple projects you can undertake throughout this line of work, and there are many other fields you can branch out to as well.

    • Photojournalist: A photojournalist is commonly portrayed in the public spotlight as a reporter who goes to combat zones to take pictures and magnifies the circumstance from his point of view.

      The audience has faith in the photojournalist, believing that his point of view is objective and that his work is limited to documenting what is unfolding. To hear the experiences of others who are now on the premises and might be in danger. Adding on the stigma associated with hostile areas, it is often assumed that a photojournalist is invariably exposed to human misery as well. For a photojournalist, though, the definition is too limited.

      Some photojournalists cover battles and crises, people's current distress of course, but a photojournalist's work is not restricted to such subjects. If the photojournalist is managing a project for a publication or organization, he or she may have the assistance of other reporters. While these are the primary responsibilities of a photojournalist, and they are likely the reasons that certain people want to work in the field, he also has a lot of other responsibilities to perform.

    • Feature Writer: Someone who writes editorial stories for a journal or publication is known as a feature writer. These posts are written in several formats and address a variety of subjects, ranging from traveling reports on a particular vacation to food reviews to living as a lone mother of two children – the options are limitless. Feature writing, apart from journalistic writing and publishing, allows you to express yourself.

      Features need a good storytelling style when they are in-depth. They tell a story and provide detailed information about an individual, a concept, or a region. The assumption that feature writing can explore a wide variety of subjects distinguishes it from several others. This is owing in great portion to the wide range of its two core elements, film, and journalism.

      Regardless of how they choose to portray a message or take a shot at it, it will shift the perception of whichever subject they are about. Even then, there is a persistent insightful component of feature writing. Research is also needed, and you'll need a lot of it to write about the subject or content your publication is regarding.

    • Proofreaders: Proofreaders are at the forefront of the editing process. In fast-paced publication environments, they are responsible for reading, checking, and updating published and multimedia content.

      Proofreaders are inherent perfectionists with a preference for careful and detailed work. Proofreaders are used by managers in all sectors to guarantee that the finished job result is flawless, reliable, and correct. Although proofreaders may have some consistency in their working hours, they are forced to reach strict deadlines and oversee several tasks at any one time, which may necessitate working evenings and occasions.

      Proofreaders are responsible for the original editing of artistic material in several formats and sectors. Responsibilities vary depending on the demands of the employer, which can include making a copy and developing procedures.

    • News Reporters: Journalists and panelists collect facts and data to keep the public updated on critical issues. They get their knowledge from a variety of places.

      Individual interviews, communications, wire outlets, news conferences, and debate sessions are examples of these. This material is gathered and assembled by a news photographer for dissemination to the general public. News correspondents are relied upon by publications, journals, broadcasts, and local stations to keep their editors, audiences, and audiences updated. News reporters are involved in the collection of reports on political issues. They spend a significant portion of their day researching news before turning it in as a story.

      Some serve as journalists in departments that are far from the corporate headquarters. They are sent to locations where major disasters are expected to occur. Whether you work for a publication, a television network, a radio station, or a media outlet, there are two aspects of coverage that must be coordinated: publishing and processing. The reporter gathers all of the necessary material for an article and then updates it to match a particular news source or newsletter.

    • Editor: A narrative or essay is polished and refined by an editor, who is a successful learner and an admirer of language.

      Editors work in a wide range of fields and on a wide range of items, from journals, websites, forums, and articles. Facts, pronunciation, terminology, and sentence structure are all checked by moderators. They're also in charge of making sure an essay follows in-house design guidelines and looks smooth and elegant when it's completed.

      There are also periods where editors need to take out material that doesn't align with the plot to direct the reader's attention to the places that should be prioritized.



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