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How To Become a Cytogenetic Technologist

Published By Team Setmycareer on Aug 29, 2023

How To Become a Cytogenetic Technologist

To detect and cure hereditary conditions and illnesses, cytogenetic technologist plans, tests, and analyses genomes present in the blood, epidermal fluids, and spinal fluid. The work will range from identifying the hereditary effect on a quickly emerging illness in an adult to congenital abnormalities, reproductive issues, and hematological conditions. Any congenital diseases are caused by an irregular amount of chromosomes and others are caused by genetic material lacking components. Cytogenetic technologists monitor and study body fluids, blood, bone, genes, cells, and several substances using microscopes and other diagnostic scanning instruments.


Eligibility Criteria

  • Must possess at least 50% aggregate from a recognized institution in 12th, from any board PUC/CBSE/ICSE/ISC, etc. However, the cut-off margin varies with the selection process of different colleges.
  • One must acquire a degree/diploma or certification in a recognized establishment to become a Cytogenetic Technologist. This is a basic qualification you must require to enroll in this line of work.
  • A Bachelor's degree in Medicine, Biotechnology, or a related science can help you pursue your career as Cytogenetic Technologist. However, to truly understand Cytogenetic Technology, you will require hands on experience or a course tailored to teach you the specifics.
  • An M.Sc in Cytogenetic Technology can also prove to be helpful while looking for a higher degree and extensive learning.

Tasks to perform

  • Utilize antiseptic methods, understanding moderate ingredients, or cell biochemical criteria, choose or arrange samples, and advertising for cultured cells.
  • To guarantee reliable and detailed learning outcomes and documentation, establish, execute, and track performance management and reliability management systems.
  • Notify appropriate parties to inappropriate samples and recommend ways to improve prospective applications.
  • Photo Microscopes inverted microscopes, and normal darkroom devices can all be kept in good working order.
  • Assess genomes in biological samples to help in the diagnosis and rehabilitation of inherited mutations including congenital abnormalities, reproductive issues, and hematological conditions.

Knowledge required

  • Biological Knowledge — Awareness and a brief understanding of the working principles behind different genera and species of animals and plants, their interaction with the environment, relationship with the ecosystem, etc.
  • Medical Expertise — Brief understanding of procedures and methods to identify and attend to injuries, diseases, disorders, etc. This also includes alternate treatments to offer to the subject, symptoms seen, drugs used to reduce or cure sickness and offer preventive measures to reduce its circulation.
  • Chemical Dexterity – Able to understand the chemical structure and composition of substances available in the environment. Includes the understanding of changes, interactions between different substances, methods of production, and safe disposal of toxic substances.
  • English Grammar — Familiarity in English Grammar, the form, and substance of the English language, along with the context and pronunciation of words, principles of grammar, and language.

Skills required

  • Critical Analysis — Learning and identifying the strengths and weaknesses along with providing solutions and countermeasures to reduce the impact of potential problems.
  • Rational interpretation — Use of rationality and inference to distinguish the positives and disadvantages of creative improvements, assumptions, or responses to situations.
  • Effective Involvement — Necessitates paying complete focus to what others are suggesting, using the time to consider the arguments being made, responding to questions as needed, and not disrupting at inconvenient moments.
  • Time Management — Interacting and switching between different tasks and activities without consuming excess time to provide results.
  • Surveillance — Keeping track of and reviewing your own, other people's, or organizations' results to make changes or take disciplinary measures.

Is This Career Right For You?

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Job roles offered

Once you procure the required qualifications for becoming a Cytogenetic Technologist, a myriad of options is open to you. There are multiple projects you can undertake throughout this line of work, and there are many other fields you can branch out to as well.

  • Molecular Genetics Technologists: Molecular genetics technologists research the importance of genetic factors in science and function in laboratories. Most illnesses and conditions, such as tumors, cardiomyopathy, and spinal cord disorders, are researched, diagnosed, and treated by analyzing a patient's genetic material. A molecular genetics technologist might look at the genetic makeup to see if any mutations could contribute to tumor development, or they can perhaps look at Genetic material from a fetus to see if the baby would be born with a condition like respiratory dysfunction. Molecular genetics technologists collaborate with clinicians and physicians to investigate and identify illnesses and conditions by studying chromosomes.
  • Technological Expert: The application of technology in an organization is coordinated by a technological expert. They analyze the corporation's structure and operations, as well as its technologies and technical processes, to streamline certain operations to enable them to become increasingly powerful. A technical specialist should expect to collaborate with other technical specialists in the business to brainstorm new solutions and develop systems, as well as to teach those in the organization about using platforms to boost productivity and performance. In terms of technology, the engineering professional must still keep up with business and sector requirements.
  • Clinical Laboratory Technologist: A clinical laboratory technologist is a professionally trained person who performs disease testing on organisms. They typically collaborate with specialists or other healthcare practitioners to conduct lab experiments and analytical studies of substances such as blood, urinalysis, and organ extracts to produce evidence that aids clinicians in determining the right course of action for the patient. Clinical laboratory technologists conduct basic lab experiments and techniques to detect microbes, viruses, irregular cells, and other symptoms of underlying medical conditions, such as inspecting and testing fecal matter and tissue samples.
  • Clinical Scientists: Clinical scientists in the life sciences are postgraduates who study to eliminate, diagnose, and mitigate a variety of disorders, illnesses, and health complications. Several clinical scientists operate in laboratories conducting sophisticated sample processing and analyzing experiments and findings using technology. They serve as members of a selective team that comprises biological experts, giving expert guidance to other healthcare research professionals, as well as physicians and nurses, on topics such as effective testing procedures and analysis of findings. Clinical scientists play a critical role in scientific science.

Career opportunities

Cytogenetic Technologists can opt for various fields of work in the companies listed below:

  • Philips
  • Apollo Hospitals
  • DDRC SRL Diagnostics Private Limited
  • IGENETIC Diagnostics Private Limited
  • Thyrocare Technologies LTD
  • Cygen Healthcare And Research Laboratories Pvt. Ltd.
  • Trutest Laboratories
  • Thyrocare Technologies LTD
  • Tata Memorial Centre
  • Medgenome

Colleges offering courses

  • Devi Ahilya Vishwavidyalaya - DAV. Indore, Madhya Pradesh
  • St. Xavier's University, Bangalore
  • Sarla Birla university, Jharkhand
  • Flame University, Pune
  • Hemchand Yadav Vishwavidyalaya, Chhattisgarh
  • Alagappa university, Karaikudi
  • University of Engineering and Management, Jaipur
  • Kasturba Medical College, Manipal
  • Centurion University of Technology and Management, Paralakhemundi
  • Lovely Professional University, Jalandhar



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