Career as an Ophthalmologist
An Ophthalmologist is a specialized type of Doctor also known as Eye Doctor. An ophthalmologist is a medical and surgical specialist that deals specifically with the structure, function, diseases, and treatment of the eye. The discipline of ophthalmology comes from the Greek word "opthalmos" meaning "eye," and "logia" meaning "the study of". Due to the complexities and the importance of the eye as a special sense that provides vision, the discipline of ophthalmology is dedicated solely to this organ. Ophthalmologists are primarily concerned with correcting imperfections and treating conditions of the eye that are known to cause diminished or loss of vision. They assess the condition of the patient's eye, diagnose any abnormalities found, intervene to preserve the sense of sight, and evaluate whether the condition has improved. They determine and prescribe the grade for patients who need glasses, and they may even open up their own private business that sells corrective lenses. An Ophthalmologist will also do eye surgeries including cataract extraction, lens replacement, cornea reshaping, transplants, retinal detachment repair, and glaucoma treatment. Most of these procedures are often performed with the aid of lasers and computerized surgical tools, but the majority are still done by hand. Ophthalmologists can also operate on animals, as the eye's anatomy and physiology have few differences among closely related species. However, a veterinary eye doctor is often considered a different specialist with separate licensing and regulation. Generally, ophthalmologists are assumed to be completely dedicated to the study and treatment of the human eye.