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Career as an Agricultural Engineer



Agricultural engineers are experts who create and design innovative technologies, structures and machinery for farming activities and approaches. In principle, agricultural engineers are expected to make field trips so they may observe/review if the instruments or procedures are functioning correctly or not. Agricultural engineering is a blend of engineering and biological concepts.

Eligibility Criteria:


  • Must possess at least 50% aggregate from a recognized institution in 12th, from any board PUC/CBSE/ICSE/ISC, etc. However, the cut-off margin varies with the selection process of different colleges. Only a science qualification is viable to pursue a degree in science.
  • Should procure a valid score in entrance exams such as JEE-Main, KIITEE, SRMJEE, CEE, HITSEE, CET, etc., Different colleges offer their own entrance exams if you don’t have a satisfactory score in JEE or other competitive exams – colleges like NMIMS, Symbiosis International University, XUB, Andhra University, LPU, etc. Every state offers their own entrance exam as well.
  • One must earn a degree in B.Sc/B.Tech or a Diploma to become an Agricultural Engineer. This is a basic qualification you must require to enroll in this line of work.
  • An M.Tech in Agricultural Engineering can also prove to be helpful while looking for a higher degree and better learning.
  • Design and guide development of agricultural electricity delivery networks and irrigation, stormwater and flood control mechanisms for soil and water protection.
  • Implementing training services that offer knowledge to farmers or farm collaborative participants which allows them to amplify crop development.
  • Offer recommendations on water safety and problems related to waste prevention, flood protection land and fresh water supplies.
  • Constructing and overseeing facilities for the storing of seeds, animal sanctuary and transportation, and handling of animals and crops.
  • Development of detecting, calculating and tracking equipment and other instruments required to accurately research flora and fauna.
  • Consumer Resources — Knowledge of concepts and procedures for the provision of consumer and private programs This involves identifying customer expectations, achieving product performance specifications and assessing customer loyalty.
  • Apprehension in Physics — Insight in forecasting of basic phenomenon, laws, their cross-functional and applications for interpreting fluid, substance, and airborne mechanics, and structural, electronic, atomic, and micro structures and processes.
  • Community Guidelines - Application of appropriate resources regulations, procedures and techniques to facilitate successful local, regional or federal operational processes for the safety of residents records, assets and organizations.
  • Innovation and Development - Practical implementation of basic sciences and innovation This involves the application of concepts, methods, processes and machinery to the layout and manufacturing of different products and facilities.
  • Development and Manufacturing — Comprehension of raw materials, production methods, quality management, prices and other strategies to optimize the successful produce and delivery of products.
  • Error Response — The capacity to state whether something is flawed or is expected to go south. It does not require fixing the problem, but rather understanding the presence of one.
  • Time Management – Interacting and switching between different tasks and activities without consuming excess time to provide results.
  • Deduction — Applying scientific principles or devising new methods to tackle problems or find effective solutions for different agricultural needs.
  • Idea Generation — Presenting of many new proposals on a subject in order to find alternative methods or ways of addressing the problem.
  • Pace of Perception — Comparing commonalities and dissimilarities between collections of characters, figures, items, images, or sequences precisely and efficiently. Simultaneously time or one after the other, the stuff to be compared can be viewed. Evaluating a given object with a recalled object often involves this skill.

Once you procure the required qualifications for becoming an Agricultural Engineer, a myriad of options are open to you. There are multiple projects you can undertake throughout this line or work, and there are many other fields you can branch out to.

  • Agricultural Specialist: Farm workers and poultry suppliers receive assistance and support from agriculture experts. They provide advice on a variety of topics, such as crop selection and rotation, irrigation and extracting, water and soil problems, and livestock farming and feeding. The Agricultural sector often specialises in one or more fields, such as animal science, finance, farming dynamics, geoscience, or plantation crops.
  • Agricultural Inspector: An agriculture inspector works to avoid food-borne illnesses and to ensure that everybody has access to nutritious food. Everything we consume doesn't really come exclusively to us, particularly in urban areas. Before it reaches the market, the food passes through several agencies. Pests and insects frequently contaminate food sources in the farm. Farmers sprinkle chemicals and synthetic fertilizers on fields to prevent this.
  • Conservation engineers: Conservation engineers are experts in the development of structures, structures, and processes that conserve the atmosphere and sustain limited resources. They apply the ideals of preservation and responsibly utilizes all aspects of engineering. Conservation engineers usually receive a graduate degree in a discipline which includes industrial, civil, or biochemical engineering before specialising in conservation engineering with a graduate degree.
  • Natural Science Managers: Natural science managers steer experimental research and oversee product growth projects and manufacturing operations. They collaborate with senior executives to formulate decisions that support priorities for designers and scientists. A natural science manager's roles can differ based on the area of science in which they operate. They must keep track of project advancement, draught operating notes, and conduct analysis.
  • Plant Physiologist: A plant physiologist investigates a wide range of vegetation mechanisms, including how nutrients are transferred within the plant, how plants absorb solar energy, and also how plants protect themselves against pathogens and bugs. Plant physiologists also research new mechanisms to increase the yield and quality of the plant, including how plant cells interpret their location and function within the plant, how biological influences such as sunlight and gravity impacts the functioning, role of the plant cells, and also how neurotransmitters can communicate to cells about ecological parameters.

Career opportunities


Agricultural Engineers can opt for various fields of work in the companies listed below:

  • NABARD
  • Food Corporation of India
  • Nestle India
  • Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
  • National Dairy Development Board
  • Amul Dairy
  • National Seeds Corporation
  • Indian Council of Agricultural Research
  • PRADAN(Professional Assistance for Development Action)
  • ITC(Indian Tobacco Company)
  • Agricultural Commodities Processors

Colleges offering courses


  • College of Engineering - Anna University, Chennai
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
  • Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam
  • Integral University, Lucknow
  • ITFM University, Moradabad
  • Maharashtra Institute of Technology, Pune
  • Agricultural College and Research University, Tiruchirapalli
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Kakinada
  • University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore
  • Swami Vivekananda University, Kolkata

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