A Pathologist is a physician who examines the tissues and checks the accuracy of lab tests. Pathologist plays a very
important role in the health care of a patient. In a pathology, various laboratory tests are conducted on the samples
of a patient that facilitate the patient’s diagnosis and treatment.
Pathologists typically work in one of three main areas of discipline: as teachers, investigators, or diagnosticians. The
ability to integrate clinical data with biochemical, molecular, and physiological laboratory studies is fundamental to
the work performed on a daily basis.
Investigators in the field of pathology use laboratory science for disease models, clinical studies, and other
experimental programs to further advance the field knowledge, understanding, and treatment options for various
diseases. This information is used to both treat and diagnose patients more aggressively in the future. Professionals
who work in clinical laboratories or medical settings practice as consulting physicians who develop and apply their
knowledge of laboratory and tissue analysis in order to diagnose and treat disease in patients. It's important to note
that professionals who work in the medical industry may also work with patients in the postmortem phase. Research
with these patients is used to study disease, or determine if a death was a homicide or from natural causes.
The types of Pathologists are Anatomical Pathologist, Clinical Pathologist, Forensic Pathologist, Cytopathologist,
Neuropathologist, Molecular Pathologist, Chemical Pathologist, Genetic Pathologist and Immunopathologist.
The duties performed by Pathologist includes to make diagnoses using a microscope. They also do indulge in trying to
find out what diseases are affecting living patients. They do testing and the amount of quality control involved in a
diagnosis. They use laboratory tests to monitor the health of patients with chronic conditions.
The field of Pathology is so broad. Working hours are varied and are often on a rotating shift. Pathologists most often
work in hospitals, offices, classrooms, and laboratories. Most professionals in the field can expect to spend a great
deal of time planning their research projects, researching the findings of other scientists, and attending meetings with
other physicians. They should have the ability to take in a lot of information at one time and the patience to complete
sometimes lengthy research projects. They need to be accurate and precise workers, this is especially true for
professionals that work to diagnose disease when their findings are a critical component to the care the patient will
receive. They will most often work alone.
Entry Level Education
- Bachelor’s Degree in Audiology Speech and Language Pathology, MBBS.
- Master of Science (M.Sc.) in Pathology, Doctor of Medicine (MD).
- Doctor of Philosophy in Pathology.
- Diploma in Pathology, Clinical Pathology.