An Ophthalmologist is a specialized type of Doctor also known as Eye Doctor. An ophthalmologist is a medical and
surgical specialist that deals specifically with the structure, function, diseases, and treatment of the eye. The discipline
of ophthalmology comes from the Greek word "opthalmos" meaning "eye," and "logia" meaning "the study of". Due
to the complexities and the importance of the eye as a special sense that provides vision, the discipline of
ophthalmology is dedicated solely to this organ.
Ophthalmologists are primarily concerned with correcting imperfections and treating conditions of the eye that are
known to cause diminished or loss of vision. They assess the condition of the patient's eye, diagnose any abnormalities
found, intervene to preserve the sense of sight, and evaluate whether the condition has improved. They determine
and prescribe the grade for patients who need glasses, and they may even open up their own private business that
sells corrective lenses.
An Ophthalmologist will also do eye surgeries including cataract extraction, lens replacement, cornea reshaping,
transplants, retinal detachment repair, and glaucoma treatment. Most of these procedures are often performed with
the aid of lasers and computerized surgical tools, but the majority are still done by hand.
Ophthalmologists can also operate on animals, as the eye's anatomy and physiology have few differences among
closely related species. However, a veterinary eye doctor is often considered a different specialist with separate
licensing and regulation. Generally, ophthalmologists are assumed to be completely dedicated to the study and
treatment of the human eye.
Once licensed and regulated, ophthalmologists can open their own private practice anywhere and start receiving
patients. There is also the option of being employed as a specialist in a tertiary hospital. Ophthalmologists work in
well-established hospitals or private clinics. They might even work as part of a group for a healthcare organization.
The work environment is pleasant and well-lit. Ophthalmologists need to spend long hours standing while performing
Entry Level Education
- Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery ( MBBS).
- Master Degree in MD (Doctor of Medicine), Master of Surgery (M.S.) and Diploma in Ophthalmic Medicine
and Surgery (DOMS).
- Diploma in Ophthalmology.