An Occupational Therapist is someone who treats patients with injuries, illnesses, or disabilities through the
therapeutic use of everyday activities. They help these patients develop, recover, and improve the skills needed for
daily living and working.
Patients with permanent disabilities, such as cerebral palsy, often need help performing daily tasks. Occupational
therapists show patients how to use appropriate adaptive equipment, such as leg or knee braces, wheelchairs, and
eating aids. Patients can function independently and control their living environment by using these devices.
Some Occupational Therapists work in educational settings with children one on one or in small groups. They evaluate
disabled children’s abilities, modify classroom equipment to accommodate certain disabilities, and help children
participate in school activities. Some therapists provide early intervention therapy to infants and toddlers who have,
or are at risk of having, developmental delays.
Occupational Therapists who work with the elderly help their patients lead more independent and active lives. They
asses the patient’s abilities and environment and make recommendations, such as using adaptive equipment or
identifying and removing potential fall hazards in the home. In some cases, occupational therapists help patients
create functional work environments. They evaluate the work space, plan work activities, and meet with the patient’s
employer to collaborate on changes to the patient’s work environment or schedule.
The duties of Occupational Therapist includes to observe patients doing tasks, ask the patient questions, and review
the patient's medical history and to use the observations, answers, and medical history to evaluate the patient's
condition and needs. They also establish a treatment plan for patients, laying out the types of activities and specific
goals to be accomplished and help people with various disabilities with different tasks, such as helping an older person
with poor memory use a computer, or leading an autistic child in play activities. They need to demonstrate exercises
that can help relieve pain for people with chronic conditions, such as joint stretches for arthritis sufferers. They also
recommend special equipment, such as wheelchairs and eating aids, and instruct patients how to use equipment. They
also assess and record patients’ activities and progress for evaluating clients, for billing, and for reporting to physicians
and other healthcare providers.
Occupational therapists find jobs in hospitals, private clinics and health centres, rehabilitation centres and NGOs. Most
of the occupational therapists work part time. In large rehabilitation centers, occupational therapists may work in
spacious rooms equipped with machines, tools, and other devices. Occupational therapists also work in occupational
and speech therapists, with audiologists or in hospitals. Therapists spend a lot of time on their feet working with
patients. They also may be required to lift and move patients or heavy equipment
Entry Level Education
Bachelor’s / Master’s in Occupational Therapy (B.O.Th.).