Neurology is the branch of biology or medicine that deals the diagnosis and treatment of the nervous system. It is the
study of nerves and the medical specialty related to the human nervous system. The specialist in this field is called as
A Neurologist is a physician who has been trained for diagnosing, treating, and managing the ongoing care of patients
suffering from disorders of the nervous system. Neurologists are able to treat problems of the central, autonomous,
and peripheral nervous systems, and of those systems’ respective coverings, including effector tissues like muscles
and blood vessels.
The medical conditions that neurologists can diagnose and treat include cognitive/behavioral syndromes, epilepsy,
traumatic injuries of the brain, cerebrovascular diseases like strokes, sleep disorders (including insomnia), cerebral
palsy, encephalitis, infections that occur in the peripheral nervous system, tumors in the brain and spinal cord, multiple
sclerosis, neurodegenerative disorders (including Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, and Huntington’s disease),
meningitis, myelitis, movement disorders (including Gilles de la Tourette syndrome, tic disorder, and hemiballismus),
altered mental higher status, coma, stupor, and encephalopathy. They may also have to treat neurological disorders
for which there are no apparent physiological causes.
The duties and task of Neurologist includes to Initial physical examination, collection and ongoing recording of patient
history, diagnostic testing and ordering of lab work. This also involves interpreting the findings in (PET) Positron
Emission Tomography; (SPECT) Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography; and (MR) Magnetic Resonance
Imaging tests, examination of findings and collected information, patient diagnosis and treatment plan
creation/implementation. They do identification of disorders and disease related to the cranio spinal region, central
nervous system, and the major neurological system in general and prescribe medication and monitoring patient’s use.
They also communicate with the relatives of patients and educate them about the treatment plan, prognosis, risks,
benefits of treatment, and the potential costs in relation to patient care, Share information and work in conjunction
with a patient’s primary care doctor as well as alternative health teams for patient care coordination. Then to carry
out treatment modalities in relation to one’s specialty in areas of focus like neurogenetics, behavioral neurology,
neuro-oncology, neuroimmunology, and sleep disorders.
Neurologists usually work indoors, in a pleasant environment and well-lit examination rooms. However, as most other
physicians. The profession can be quite stressful, and treating patients properly may require working for more hours
in a week. Neurologists employed in busy medical facilities may have to put in extra hours during the week and also
work on weekends. Those who work in research facilities and medical schools, however, enjoy regular working hours.
Entry Level Education
- Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)
- MD/DNB in General Medicine or Pediatrics, Post Graduate Diploma in Neurology
- Doctor of Medicine in Neurology.