A Judge / Magistrate is a person who presides over court proceedings, either alone, with a panel of judges or a jury,
depending on the jurisdiction. A Judge hold more administrative power and are responsible for handling criminal cases,
federal cases, constitutional cases and high priority cases. The judge is expected to hear all witnesses, view all
evidences, access the arguments by the prosecutor and the defendant, and form an opinion and give a verdict. On the
other hand, Magistrate who is considered as an officer of the state, is responsible for handling smaller and minor cases.
They are appointed in Magistrate Courts by the Judge and has limited power in terms of authority, law enforcement
Judges commonly preside over trials or hearings of cases regarding nearly every aspect of society, from individual
traffic offences to issues concerning the rights of large corporations. They listen to arguments and determine whether
the evidence presented deserves a trial. In criminal cases, they may decide that people charged with crimes should be
held in jail until the trial, or they may set conditions for their release. They also approve search and arrest warrants. In
trials in which juries are selected to decide the case, judges instruct jurors on applicable laws and direct them to
consider the facts from the evidence. For other trials, judges decide the case.
A judge who determines guilt in criminal cases may impose a sentence or penalty on the guilty party. In civil cases, the
judge may award relief, such as compensation for damages, to the parties who win the lawsuit. Some judges, such as
appellate court judges, review decisions and records made by lower courts, and make decisions based on lawyers’
written and oral arguments. Judges use various forms of technology, such as electronic databases and software, to
manage cases and prepare for trials. In some cases, they also may manage the court’s administrative and clerical staff.
The duties of Judge includes to research legal issues, read and evaluate information from documents such as motions,
claim applications, or records. They also preside over hearings and listen to or read arguments by opposing parties
and determine if the information presented supports the charge, claim, or dispute. It also involves them to decide if
the procedure is being conducted according to the rules and law. They also analyze, research, and apply laws,
regulations, or precedents to reach judgments, conclusions, or agreements and write opinions, decisions, or
instructions regarding the case, claim, or dispute.
Most Judges and Magistrates work in private offices called chambers, courtrooms and law libraries. They do most of
their work in their chambers, such as read legal briefs and motions, research legal issues, hold hearings with lawyers,
and write judgment. The duty of the judges vary depending on their jurisdictions and powers. They may hear cases in
civil, appellate, criminal or juvenile courts at the local, state or federal level.
Entry Level Education
- Bachelor's / Master’s Degree in Arts (B.A.), L.L.B ,LL.M. (Latin Legum Magister)or any Degree related to Legal
- M.Phil. (Law).
- Through passing exams in Public Civil Services (Judiciary) (PCSJ), Higher Judicial Services (HJS).
- Candidates should be above the age of 21 years and below the age of 35 years.