Geophysicists study the earth using a variety of methods, including gravitational, magnetic, electrical, and seismic.
They study the structure, composition and the physical aspects of the earth and its atmosphere and apply scientific
principles in order to solve problems. These scientists use geophysical methods to study the Earth and its composition,
including its atmosphere, internal make-up, oceans, electrical and other fields. Geophysicists, involved in field
investigation; measure, examine, and explore the physical properties of earth, from below the ground to the
atmosphere or from the depths of the ocean to the top of the volcanoes. Geophysicists are involved in environmental
studies, archaeological excavations, water resource management, forensic investigations, the Earth's climate, and the
causes and prediction of natural phenomena such as earthquakes, volcanic activity, landslides and tsunamis.
Geophysicists examine the physical aspects of earth with the help of radar, dynamite, computers, magnetometers and
The duties of Geophysicist includes to use software to create and interpret two and three dimensional geophysical
data to identify and evaluate sites, generate prospective locations, recommend coordinates, and document
assumptions and calculations. They also review and write contracts and specifications for geophysical work, including
budgets and timelines. They create and verify seismic, amplitude versus offset (AVO), and other types of models to
assess feasibility, safety, and returns.
They may work independently or as important members of a geoscience team. Positions vary in responsibility,
location, and content. Some geophysicists spend most of their time working indoors, using computers for data
modeling and calculations. Others work outdoors doing earth studies, including those who use their skills to find
resources such as oil, copper, iron, and other minerals. Work may also include research to study the structure of the
earth and determine how it has evolved, or to study other physical aspects of the earth, such as earthquakes or the
ocean. Some geophysicists work on studies of the earth’s properties related to environmental hazards. Still others may
do evaluation studies to determine if proposed sites are suitable for construction projects, such as dams and power
plants. A typical day could be quite varied, depending on the position. Outdoor studies might include field trips to
various locations to conduct onsite surveys.
Entry Level Education
- Bachelor’s Degree in Earth Science, Geophysics or Geology is required, with a strong background in Physics,
Mathematics or Computer Science.
- Masters Degree M.A, M.Sc. in Geology.
- Ph.D. in Geology.