A Geographer is someone who studies the earth and its land, features, and inhabitants. They also examine phenomena
such as political or cultural structures as they relate to geography. They study the physical or human geographic
characteristics or both of a region, ranging in scale from local to global
Geographers use several technologies in their work, such as GIS, remote sensing, and global positioning systems (GPS).
Geographers use GIS to find relationships and trends in geographic data. GIS allows them to present data visually as
maps, reports, and charts. For example, a geographer can overlay aerial or satellite images/ with GIS data, such as
population density in a given region, and create computerized maps. They then use the results to advise governments,
businesses, and the general public on a variety of issues, such as marketing strategies; planning homes, roads, and
landfill, or disaster responses.
The duties of Geographers includes to gather geographic data through field observations, maps, photographs, satellite
imagery, and censuses, use surveys, interviews, focus groups, and other qualitative methods in their research. They
also use quantitative methods, such as statistical analysis, in their research, create and modify maps, graphs, diagrams,
or other visual representations of geographic data and analyze the geographic distribution of physical and cultural
characteristics and occurrences. They also use geographic information system (GIS) technology to collect, analyze, and
display data to write reports and present research findings and assist, advise, or lead others in using GIS and geographic
data. They also combine geographic data with data about a particular specialty, such as economics, the environment,
health, or politics.
Many Geographers work full time during regular business hours, and some must travel to do fieldwork. They often
travel to the region they are studying, which sometimes includes foreign countries and remote locations, to gather
information and data. Geographer are employed in scientific, and technical services; colleges, universities, and
professional schools; and state and local government.
Entry Level Education
- Bachelor’s Degree of Arts in Geography, BA-Hons. Geography, BA Hons + MA Geography.
- Master’s Degree of Arts in Geography, Geology, MA Geo Informatics.
- M. Phil Geography, M. Phil Political Geography.
- Ph. D Geography, Ph. D Political Geography.