A General Surgeon is a physician who uses different surgical instruments to treat a range of patients who have different
illness. They assess patients and also interpret the different diagnostic tests that are performed. They have acquired
the advance training that is needed and have the license to perform surgery.
The types of surgeries a general surgeon may perform are quite varied and may include an appendectomy, hernia
repair and gallbladder removal. General surgeons may also remove or repair parts of the abdominal organs, operate
on breast tumors or skin cancers.
In addition to caring for patients pre-operatively and performing surgery, general surgeons also monitor patients postoperatively.
Surgeons may examine patients’ incisions, monitor their recovery and manage any post-operative pain.
During the course of an operation, the surgeon must make important decisions about the patient's health, safety, and
welfare. Furthermore, the surgeon must work to ensure cooperation among the other members of the surgical team,
which typically includes another surgeon or qualified person who acts as the surgeon's assistant, the anesthesiologist,
and operating room nurses.
The duties of a General Surgeon includes to studies the medical history of a patient. This is to ensure that the patient
don’t have allergies with the drugs that is to be administered. After assessing the condition of a patient, the surgeon
would have to decide the procedure to be done. General Surgeons should make sure that all the surgical instruments
that will be used for the procedure is prepared before they start the surgery. They also have to inform their client and
the family about the procedure to be done, the benefits and the risks that the client has to face. General Surgeon is
the one who manages and schedules the surgery. They also make a case history and follow-up the condition of the
patient after the surgery. They make important decisions during surgery depending on the condition of the patient.
General Surgeons perform a variety of procedures except those that are complicated like operations of the heart and
the brain. They must have excellent motor skills since they will be using surgical instruments.
General surgeons work in hospitals and medical centers of all sizes. They may also work in outpatient surgery centers.
Although some surgeries are scheduled, general surgery can also be an emergency. Surgeons may be required to work
all shifts, including overnight, weekends and holidays. In some cases, general surgeons may need to be on-call in case
of surgical emergencies. Although they spend a lot of their working hours in the operating room, surgeons also make
rounds in all areas of the hospital. They will also usually spend some time seeing patients in their offices.
Entry Level Education
- Bachelor’s / Master’s Degree in Medical School with Science and Anatomy classes.
- Ph.D., Doctor of Medicine (MD) or Doctor of Osteopathy (DO) degree or J.D. (law degree).