Environmental Scientists research and study samples of air, water and earth to find ways of preventing hazardous
materials from damaging the environment and hurting people and wildlife. They collect and analyze data for
research projects and investigations to help identify and assess these potential environmental threats.
Environmental Scientists must prepare and provide reports and findings to governmental organizations, businesses,
the public and more. These reports may include a plan of action to help control or fix an environmental issue in a
particular area. People in this career often specialize in environmental regulations that protect people's health, or in
regulations that focus on peoples' impact on ecosystems. These scientists frequently work for the government or
consulting firms. The following chart gives you an overview of what you need to know about entering this field.
Environmental Scientists strive to protect and preserve our water, air and earth by keeping them free of
contaminants and pollutants. They determine the sources of pollution and take measures to reduce potentially
harmful environmental effects. Scientific findings may be shared with the public through conferences, briefings and
public hearings. Environmental Scientists and specialists use their knowledge of the natural sciences to protect the
environment and human health. They may clean up polluted areas, advise policymakers, or work with industry to
The duties of Environmental Scientists and specialists typically includes to determine data collection methods for
research projects, investigations, and surveys, collect and compile environmental data from samples of air, soil,
water, food, and other materials for scientific analysis, to analyze samples, surveys, and other information to identify
and assess threats to the environment. They also develop plans to prevent, control, or fix environmental problems,
such as land or water pollution and also provide information and guidance to government officials, businesses, and
the general public on possible environmental hazards and health risks and prepare technical reports and
presentations that explain their research and findings.
Environmental Scientists and specialists work in offices and laboratories. Some may spend time in the field gathering
data and monitoring environmental conditions, most environmental scientists and specialists work full time.
Fieldwork can be physically demanding, and environmental scientists and specialists may work in all types of
weather. Environmental scientists and specialists may have to travel to meet with clients or present research at
Entry Level Education
- B.Sc. Environmental science or a Bachelor's Degree in any discipline of science namely zoology, botany,
physics, chemistry, biology, agriculture science etc., Natural Science or Science-related field.
- M.Sc. Environmental Science.
- PG Diploma courses in Environmental Science and Environment Management.