Correctional Officers and Jailers guard people in jail and prison due to being arrested, awaiting trial or being sentenced
to incarceration. Following established regulations and practices, they also oversee inmates in government and private
correctional institutions, monitoring them and providing necessities while maintaining the facility’s security. They may
also take prisoners into custody and guard them during transport.
To recognize the requirements and limitations of correctional officers and jailers, a good understanding both of
government codes and public safety regulations is important. They should have some knowledge of human psychology
and be perceptive of people’s emotions and states of mind. Correctional officers and jailers also need to have keen
listening comprehension as well as strong verbal communication skills.
The duties of a Correctional Officers and Jailer includes to dealing both with guarding and managing inmates as well
as preserving the security of the penal institution. They also keep track of the prisoners by doing head counts, keeping
daily logs of their activities and making reports of incidents and disturbances, and monitoring their conduct throughout
the facility. They may be responsible for serving meals, distributing mail, prescribed medicine, clothing and tools, and
settling inter-inmate disputes. Other duties include scheduling work assignments and sponsoring social and
rehabilitative activities such as self-help groups. When inmates need to be conveyed to courtrooms or between
facilities, they may guard them during transport or drive the vehicles. They also have a number of tasks to maintain
security and safety. These can include performing regular fire and sanitation inspections, examining the conditions of
locks, windows, gates and other building elements to prevent escapes, inspecting incoming mail for contraband, and
logging and screening all visitors. They may also investigate crimes that occur within the institution, and supervise
other correctional officers. In the event of a prisoner escape, they may take part in the search and recapture efforts.
Correctional Officers may work indoors or outdoors. Some correctional institutions are modern and temperature
controlled, but others are old, overcrowded, hot, and noisy, correctional officers may be required to stand for long
period. Working in a correctional institution can be stressful and dangerous. Every year, correctional officers are
injured in confrontations with inmates and some are exposed to contagious diseases. They work in rotating shifts.
Because jail and prison security must be provided around the clock, officers work all hours of the day and night,
weekends and holidays.
Entry Level Education
By pursuing any Degree and attending State and Central level exams.