An Astronomer studying the physical components of celestial objects is known as an Astrophysicist. Astrophysicists
see stars on the job every day. Astrophysicists study and interpret astronomical phenomena to increase knowledge of
how the universe works. Their work is closely related to the work of astronomers, and the field of astrophysics is a
subfield of astronomy and physics.
Research and development is the primary focus of an astrophysicist. Basic research is conducted to gather scientific
knowledge, while advanced research may lead to the development of scientific devices and research equipment. They
use telescopes stationed on land and in space to observe celestial bodies and phenomena.
The responsibility of astrophysicists includes analysis of data and statistics, archiving, plotting, logging, evaluating, and
reporting the results of the research.
The work schedule for an astrophysicist depends on the employment setting. Researchers may need to spend long
hours at work. They also work in laboratories. Astrophysicists handling ground-based telescopes doing observatory
research may work at odd hours and in external settings. Observational astrophysicists may also be required to travel
Entry Level Education
A PhD in Astronomy or Astrophysics from an accredited university is generally the basic academic criteria for becoming
an astrophysicist. A Master’s Degree is suitable for those wishing to pursue a career in the field of applied research
and development. Those with a Bachelor’s Degree can be employed as research assistants and technicians. The Degree
should, however, be preceded by a strong academic background in Physics, Mathematics, Chemistry, and Astronomy.