An Anesthesiologist is a medical doctor who keeps a patient comfortable, safe and pain-free during surgery by
administering local or general anesthetic. Once the patient enters the operating room, an anesthesiologist will be by
their side throughout the surgery, making sure they are stable right through to the post-anesthesia care unit.
Anesthesiology is a prestigious and lucrative field of medicine, but requires a great deal of education and expertise.
An Anesthesiologist will meet with the patient prior to surgery to make sure they are suitably prepared and medically
fit to endure the proposed surgery as well as the related anesthetic. Once they have done this, just before the surgery,
the anesthesiologist will administer either a general or local anesthetic to the patient.
During the surgery, the anesthesiologist will monitor the patient's blood pressure, heart rhythm, temperature, level
of consciousness, and amount of oxygen in the blood. For a general anesthetic, the anesthesiologist will monitor each
breath. This is done by measuring the volume of breath exhaled and the amount of carbon dioxide in each breath.
They may also measure the amount of blood the heart is pumping and blood pressure inside the lung vessels.
After putting the patient to sleep, the anesthesiologist will adjust the patient's position if necessary, depending on the
surgery being performed. For example, a back operation will require a different position than a stomach operation.
Also checking to make sure a patient doesn't have his legs crossed is important, as the patient can potentially sustain
nerve damage if the legs are crossed for the duration of a long operation.
The duties of Anesthesiologist's during surgery includes to continuous monitoring of vital signs, monitoring of the
level and depth of anesthesia, making adjustments if necessary. They also do recognition of any potentially life
threatening emergencies and timely intervention and ensuring the safety of the patient and taking appropriate steps
to avoid any injuries to the patient’s body during the anesthetic period.
Anesthesiologists often work in high stress situations, where a great deal of concentration and alertness is necessary,
such as in the operating room. They also work in many outpatient facilities, and they will often have to work with
people who are recovering from an operation, or those who need pain management treatment. Anesthesiologists
work in hospitals and doctor’s offices. During operations, they may be required to stand for long periods of time.
Anesthesiologists have many options available to them, including work in dental offices, outpatient surgical centers,
labor and delivery units (administering epidural), pain management clinics, critical and intensive care units (stabilizing
a patient's condition), teaching and research.
Entry Level Education
- Diploma in Anesthesia or Post Graduate Diploma in Anesthesia.
- Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) in Anesthesia: It is three year duration programme.
- B.Sc. Anaesthesia Technology.
- B.Sc. Operation Theatre and Anaesthesia Technology.
- B.Sc. Medical Technology (OT and Anaesthesia Technology).
- Doctor of Medicine (MD) in Anesthesiology, Anesthesia.