Agricultural Engineering combines the disciplines of mechanical, civil, electrical, and chemical engineering principles
with a knowledge of agricultural principles. An agricultural engineer is someone who helps to make farming
sustainable, safe, and environmentally friendly. They analyzes agricultural operations and looks at new technologies
and ways of doing things to improve land use, increase yields, and conserve resources. Agricultural engineers also
recommend ways to protect the health, safety and security of workers, animals, and agricultural products.
Agricultural Engineers have much to do as increasing biological discoveries are adopted to farming practices like onfarm
energy production. New uses for agricultural waste are becoming evident and crops are yielding not only food,
but new byproducts. Agricultural Engineers design equipment and develop methods for land preparation, planting and
harvesting. They use automation, precision, and smart or "intelligence" technologies with new and existing equipment.
Sensors are used in combination with microcomputers, controllers, artificial intelligence and other software, which
optimizes efficiency, sustainability, and the reliability of food, feed, fibre and fuel for the economy.
Agricultural Engineers improve on ways to reduce crop loss from field damage during handling, sorting, packing and
processing. Warehousing of food and fibre are an important part of the agriculture industry, the agricultural engineer
plans the heating, cooling, ventilation, post-harvest handling, logistics and more.
The duties of Agricultural Engineers typically includes to design agricultural machinery components and equipment,
using computer-aided design (CAD) technology and test agricultural machinery and equipment to ensure that they
perform properly. They also design food-processing plants and supervise manufacturing operations, plan and direct.
It also involves construction of rural electric-power distribution systems, design structures to store and process crops,
design housing and environments to maximize animals’ comfort, health, and productivity. They also provide advice on
water quality and issues related to managing pollution, controlling rivers, and protecting and using other water
resources. They are also tend to design and supervise environmental and land reclamation projects in agriculture and
related industries and discuss plans with clients, contractors, consultants, and other engineers so that the plans can
be evaluated and any necessary changes made.
Agricultural Engineers work both indoors and out. Their work can depend on the weather or growing seasons, so they
sometimes work long hours to take advantage of the right conditions. Agricultural engineer works with industries
associated with agriculture such as equipment companies, seed manufacturers and food companies/distributors.
Some agricultural engineers work directly with farmers and agricultural technicians to solve issues with crop, land and
livestock. Large farm operations consult or hire agricultural engineers to resolve management and technical issues.
Entry Level Education
- Bachelor’s Degree: (B.E/ B.Tech.) in Agricultural/ Horticulture Engineering.
- Master’s Degree: (M.E/M.Tech.) in Agricultural Engineering.
- Postgraduate Diploma in Agribusiness Management.
- Diploma in Agricultural Engineering.