A progression up an ordered hierarchy in an occupation or profession, in a much more inclusive way as the induvidual's lifelong progression in learning and in work (Watts, 1999). Such a definition is in principle applicable to all, in low-income and middle-income as well as high-income countries, particularly if it is extended to cover informal as well as formal learning and work. It is in this sense that term is used in this paper.

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What is Career Counselling?

A one-on-one interaction between career expert and client, usually ongoing, involving the application of psychological theor and a recognised set of communication skills. The primary focu is on helping the client make career-related decisions and deal with career-related issues. (Kidd, 2006) Career counselling is a two-way communication process that helps people look at their personal issues, explore and understand their thoughts, feeling, abilities and interest to make decisions and plan how to select a right academic course, college and career. It helps people work out what they want to do and how they will do it. Psychometric tests like personality, abilty and interest assessments will be used by expert, along with an understanding of how personal interactions can influence effective outcomes for the client.

The Aim of Counselling is to

Improve clients' coping skills   |   Establish supportive relationships   |   Having converstaions with a purpose   |   Listening attentively   |   Helping people to recognise and build on their strenghts   |   Helping people to develop a positive attitude to life   |   Respecting everyone's needs, values, culture, religion and lifestyle.

What is Career Advice?

The term advice has been derived from the Latin phrase, mihi visum est("It seemed to me, I decided"), and suggests that it's based on personal experience, perspective and opinion. Advice is a recommendation about what to do. Career advice is often what we see in our day to day life, where family, relatives, friends are always available to push their perspective and what they have experienced saying what one has to do.

What is the difference between
Educational Guidance and Vocational Guidance?

Educational Guidance is concerned with course choices or academic choices, whereas Vocational Guidance is concerned with occupational choices or career choices. This was based on the view that educational choices should come first, or should be seperated from vocational choices. Such a view is now widely regarded as outdated, Changes in the world of work mean that more people now make several changes of career direction in the course of their lives, and have to learn new competencies in order to do so.

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