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How to Become an Accountant - Complete Guide

Becoming an accountant can be a rewarding career choice for individuals who possess a strong aptitude for numbers and an interest in financial management. Accountants play a crucial role in organizations by ensuring accurate financial records, analyzing data, and providing valuable insights for decision-making.

This article will guide you through the steps How to Become an Accountant and highlight the necessary skills, job opportunities, salary expectations, and future trends in the field.

Skills and Qualities of Successful Accountants

Successful accountants possess a combination of technical skills, analytical abilities, and personal qualities. Some essential skills and qualities include:

  • Proficiency in accounting software and financial management systems
  • Strong mathematical and analytical skills
  • Attention to detail and accuracy
  • Excellent problem-solving and critical-thinking abilities
  • Effective communication skills, both written and verbal
  • Ethical conduct and a high level of integrity
  • Time management and organizational skills
  • Adaptability to changing regulations and technology

Steps to Become an Accountant

Let's check How to Become an Accountant and what are the all steps you have to follow

Understanding Yourself


Understanding oneself and finding the right career fit are first step before starting on any professional journey like Accounting. Self-awareness helps us comprehend our values, strengths, and how we fit into the world. Career Guidance and counselling provide support in identifying our interests, skills, and aspirations, aiding us in making informed career choices

Education Requirements

To start a career in accounting, a solid educational foundation is essential. Most entry-level accounting positions require at least a bachelor's degree in accounting or a related field. It is advisable to pursue a program that is accredited and recognized by relevant professional bodies to enhance career prospects. Courses in finance, taxation, auditing, and business law provide a comprehensive understanding of the field.

Obtain a Bachelor's Degree

It is recommended to pursue a bachelor's degree in commerce (B.Com) with a specialization in accounting or finance. The duration of the program is typically three years. You can enroll in reputable universities or colleges offering accounting programs.

Top Colleges for B.Com in India

College Name Location
Bangalore University - [BU] Bangalore
Mumbai University - [MU] Mumbai
Calicut University - [CU] Calicut
University of Madras Chennai
Mahatma Gandhi University - [MGU] Kottayam
Bharathiar University - [BU] Coimbatore
University of Calcutta Kolkata
Savitribai Phule Pune University - [SPPU] Pune
University of Mysore - [UOM] Mysore
Osmania University - [OU] Hyderabad
Mangalore University Mangalore
Bharathidasan University - [BU] Tiruchirappalli
Devi Ahilya Vishwavidyalaya Indore
Kerala University - [KU] Thiruvananthapuram
Delhi University - [DU] New Delhi

Obtain a Master's Degree

Master of Commerce (M.Com) is a postgraduate degree program that focuses on advanced knowledge and skills in commerce, finance, and accounting. This degree can enhance your understanding of accounting principles, financial analysis, taxation, auditing, and other relevant subjects.

By completing an M.Com in accounting, you can gain a deeper understanding of financial reporting, managerial accounting, and corporate finance, among other topics. This degree can provide you with the necessary qualifications and expertise for a wide range of accounting roles in various industries.

Choose an Accounting Specialization

Accounting offers various specializations that cater to different industries and career paths. Some common specializations include public accounting, managerial accounting, financial accounting, forensic accounting, and tax accounting. Research and assess your interests and aptitude to determine which specialization aligns with your career goals.

Gain Practical Experience


While education forms the foundation, practical experience is crucial to building a successful accounting career. Seek internships, part-time positions, or entry-level jobs in accounting firms, corporate finance departments, or government agencies. Practical experience allows you to apply theoretical knowledge, develop essential skills, and build a professional network.

Obtain Professional Certifications

Professional certifications enhance your credibility and open doors to advanced career opportunities. Consider pursuing certifications such as Certified Public Accountant (CPA), Certified Management Accountant (CMA), or Chartered Global Management Accountant (CGMA), depending on your chosen specialization. These certifications require passing rigorous exams and fulfilling specific experience requirements.

Challenges and Future Trends in Accounting

The accounting profession faces various challenges and experiences ongoing transformations due to technological advancements, regulatory changes, and globalization. Automation and artificial intelligence are increasingly automating repetitive tasks, requiring accountants to focus more on data analysis, interpretation, and strategic decision-making. Accountants need to adapt to these changes, upskill in technology, and embrace the role of trusted advisors in providing valuable financial insights.


Becoming an accountant requires a solid educational foundation, practical experience, and ongoing professional development. By choosing a specialization, obtaining professional certifications, and developing essential skills, you can embark on a fulfilling career in accounting. The field offers diverse job opportunities, competitive salaries, and the chance to make a significant impact in organizations. Stay updated with industry trends and be prepared to adapt to the changing landscape of accounting for long-term success.


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